Acne is one of the most common sources of concern nowadays. Excess oil production, clogged skin pores, P.acne (acne-causing bacteria), and inflammation are four primary variables that cause acne. Dermatologists prescribe a wide range of clinically validated medications and therapies. These medications have a wide range of negative effects and should be closely monitored by trained healthcare providers.
- Topical antimicrobials are used alone or in conjunction with other medications to treat mild to moderately severe acne.
Azelaic acid works by reducing inflammation and reducing the masses of P. acne. It also lowers the uneven flaking of skin cells.
Benzoyl peroxide: It kills P. acne bacteria while having little or no anti-inflammatory qualities.
Clindamycin reduces the number of P. acne in the targeted area while also reducing inflammation.
Erythromycin: Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects of topical erythromycins. Erythromycin is frequently coupled with benzoyl peroxide to achieve a twofold antimicrobial action.Get additional information at West Dermatology Carlsbad-Skin Cancer Clinic.
Sodium sulfacetamide inhibits P.acnes and opens clogged pores, and it has also been shown to help with inflammatory acne.
- Oral Antibiotics: One of the most common acne treatments, antibiotics work by reducing the number of germs on the skin and reducing inflammation. Antibiotic treatment begins with a larger dose and gradually decreases over time. To reduce the risk of developing antibiotic resistance, dermatologists commonly mix an oral antibiotic with benzoyl peroxide. Antibiotics that are commonly used include:
Erythromycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic having the adverse effect of GI discomfort as a common side effect.
Tetracycline and its derivatives: Tetracyclines are used to treat acne’s inflammatory lesions. They usually have a variety of negative effects and should not be used on children under the age of eight, as well as pregnant or nursing mothers. Aredoxycycline and minocycline are two synthetic tetracycline derivatives that are routinely utilised.
- Topical Retinoids: Retinoids are Vitamin A derivatives that are used as a foundation in the treatment of acne. They’re usually used for acne that’s mild to fairly severe. Retinoids clear pores and prevent whiteheads and blackheads from forming on the skin. Adapalene, Tazarotene, and Tretinoin are some of the most commonly prescribed retinoids.
- Oral contraceptives: Spironolactone (a synthetic steroid) has been demonstrated to decrease excessive sebaceous gland activity. Women who smoke, have previously complained of blood-clotting issues, are older than 35, or have experienced migraine headaches should avoid using these drugs.
- Acne surgery: The most popular forms of acne surgeries utilised in dermatologist acne therapy are drainage and surgical excision. When a cyst does not respond to medicine, these techniques are utilised to prevent additional inflammation or infection. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are two more cosmetic procedures that are performed.
Other potential dermatologist acne treatments include laser and light therapies for chronic and lasting acne, in addition to established procedures. These innovative procedures function by delving deep into the skin’s layers without causing damage to the surface. These treatments have also been demonstrated to improve skin texture and reduce scar appearance. Blue light therapy, pulsed light and heat energy therapy, and diode laser therapy are some of the most often utilised laser and light therapies.